EMT Refresher Unit 1 Quiz

EMT Refresher Unit 1 Quiz

1 / 30

You are treating a patient with active tuberculosis. What will afford you the best protection from the disease while you care for the patient?

2 / 30

While you are assessing a patient with abdominal pain, the patient informs you that he is a chronic carrier of hepatitis B. His skin is not jaundiced, nor does he have a fever. As an EMT, you realize:

3 / 30

You have moved to another state and wish to work as an EMT. In your previous state of employment, EMTs were allowed to administer a specific set of drugs. To determine whether EMTs can administer drugs in your new state of residence, you should review the:

4 / 30

A patient with diabetes has an elevated blood sugar (545 mg/dL) and, based on your assessment of his condition, will require an injection of insulin. Your EMT partner also has diabetes and administers insulin injections to himself throughout the day as needed. Although the Scope of Practice lists nothing about EMTs giving insulin, your partner administers the insulin injection to the patient. The patient’s blood sugar comes down and her condition improves. Given this information, which statement is true?

5 / 30

While moving a 67-year-old male who complains of dizziness from his residence on the stretcher, you stumble backward and knock a vase from a table, causing it to break. The patient and family are very upset with the damage. In the process, you hurt your ankle and are having a hard time walking. When completing the prehospital care report (PCR), what should be included?

6 / 30

What would be considered an objective patient assessment finding?

7 / 30

An 89-year-old female patient has fallen in her living room and has pain in her left hip. As you approach, you note that she is on her back with her left leg turned inward. When relaying this information to the receiving hospital, how would you describe her position?

8 / 30

A 23-year-old male patient has been shot with a rifle by an assailant standing in front of him. The bullet entered the victim’s chest just above the left nipple and exited his body laterally left of his fourth lumbar vertebrae. Proper documentation of this injury would include:

9 / 30

When transferring a patient from a bed to a wheeled stretcher, an EMT uses proper body mechanics when he or she:

10 / 30

You are returning from a call when you pass an apartment building with flames coming from several windows on the top story. You see several occupants trapped and hanging out of the windows, screaming for help. Which radio transmission is most appropriate when advising dispatch of the situation?

11 / 30

The body process in which an adequate supply of oxygen converts glucose into energy is called:

12 / 30

Which of the following medical terms is a root word meaning “of the brain”?

13 / 30

Which vaccine is required by OSHA for any employee who has a reasonable risk of being exposed to blood or other infectious materials?

14 / 30

You have a patient who has stopped breathing and has no signs of circulation. You notice a medical alert bracelet indicating the patient is a registered organ donor. This patient will be able to provide ________ consent.

15 / 30

How many nationally recognized levels of EMS training are covered by the National EMS Education Standards?

16 / 30

Arteries carry ________ blood away from the heart, while veins carry ________ blood back to the heart.

17 / 30

The body maintains ________ in every cell of the body by the regular delivery of oxygen and nutrients and removal of waste products.

18 / 30

An 85-year-old man complains of chest pain. He has a fast heart rate and a low blood pressure. His skin is pale, cool, and sweaty, and he feels anxious. This patient is showing signs and symptoms of:

19 / 30

A patient complains of falling and has a deformity to the lower leg near the ankle. This is most likely to be an injury to the:

20 / 30

Which body cavity houses the heart and lungs?

21 / 30

A(n) ________ is any emotional or physical demand that causes stress.

22 / 30

Body substance isolation (BSI) precautions include:

23 / 30

Standard precautions are specific steps taken to prevent exposure to:

24 / 30

For a lawsuit alleging negligence to be successful, the following four elements must be established EXCEPT:

25 / 30

________ must alert authorities to certain events or conditions that they either know or suspect have occurred, such as child or elder abuse.

26 / 30

Certain states have ________ laws that protect care providers from civil liability for delivering care, as long as it is to their level of training and the best of their ability.

27 / 30

Ethics are the ________ that guide a person’s right, good, and proper behavior.

28 / 30

Unlawful physical contact with a patient is called:

29 / 30

The scope of practice for an EMS provider is defined by ________ statutes and regulations.

30 / 30

The term ________ means the chain of human resources and services linked together to provide continuous emergency care from the scene to the medical facility.

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